International Journal of Current Research in Physiology and Pharmacology en-US (Journal Office) (Support SP) Sun, 05 Jul 2020 15:09:36 -0400 OJS 60 Yoga and Aerodynamics <p>Yoga is a Sanskrit word which interprets to the meaning “the unity of body and mind”. It is a blend of breathing drills, physical stances, and contemplation, and has been practiced in eastern conventional medicine for more than thousands of years<sup>&nbsp;[1]</sup>. A modest effort was taken in this study to examine the effect of Long term yoga training on Aerodynamic measures and also to compare and contrast these measures between individuals who practice yoga and who don’t.</p> <p>A total of 120 phonation samples were obtained from participants who practice yoga and who don’t between the age ranges of 20-40 years. Samples assessing respiratory capacities were also taken from the above subjects. Statistical analysis showed a significant difference [p&lt;0.05] between control group and experimental group for all parameters. Significant difference was also seen between genders [p&lt;0.05]. Significant difference was seen in gender within control group [p=0.02] and also within experimental group [p=0.00].</p> <p>The prevailing study establishes a positive correlation between practicing yoga and betterment in aerodynamic capacities. The results declare that there was significant escalation in vital capacity, maximum phonation duration, phonation quotient and mean air flow rate for individuals who practice regular yoga when compared to people who don’t. The outcome of the present study is a preliminary step towards creating evidence base for the practice of yoga towards overall aerodynamic improvement in healthy adults</p> Aravinda H.R, Dipti Jog, Kushal Kumar A Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Current Research in Physiology and Pharmacology Sun, 05 Jul 2020 00:00:00 -0400 Effect of Gayatri Mantra Chanting on Attention, Memory, Anxiety and Mental State in Young Athletes: A Prospective Study <p><strong>Introduction:&nbsp;</strong>The Gayatri Mantra (GM) is one of the oldest available divine hymns in ancient vedic literature, a mantra of physical, emotional, mental healing and spiritual awakening or self-realization. GM is a standard, validated, empowerment tool aiding in effective behavioral changes leading to optimal and healthy lifestyle. Effect of vedic chanting on consciousness and mental state has been long researched and has been documented in ancient religious literatures. However, due to its religious connotations, its scientific scrutiny and validation has been not popularized. The present study tried to assess the effect of GM chanting on attention, memory, anxiety and mental state on healthy young athletes.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:&nbsp;</strong>The present study was a prospective one which included 45 athletes who were divided into three different study arms of 15 each – two arms were undertaking normal meditation with or without an add on GM Chanting while meditation, while one was control&nbsp; group. All subjects were evaluated (at baseline and 3 months) for attention (using 6 letter cancellation, digit letter substitution), memory [using digit span test (forward, backward), multiple choice apparatus], anxiety (using state trait anxiety inventory), and mental state using MMSE. Results were statistically analyzed.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Subjects with GM chanting showed significant improvement in attention and memory domain. Less failed attempts and prompt response to audio and visual stimuli for multiple choice apparatus was noted for the GM group. &nbsp;Sustained visual attention, scanning without distraction and better concentration are required for the digit cancellation test. Marked improvements in both state and trait anxiety was noted for the GM chanters. Improved mental state was observed for both meditating group compared with the control.</p> Shambo Samrat Samajdar, Shatavisa Mukherjee Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Current Research in Physiology and Pharmacology Sun, 05 Jul 2020 00:00:00 -0400 MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY AS A WALK OF LIFE -PAST, CURRENT, AND FUTURE PROSPECTIVE: AN INSIGHT <p>In exploring the epitome of Physiology, we come across a multitude of disciplines. The history of human Physiology can be traced back to 435 BC. Now, Physiology has become an integral part of our life. Physiology and Medicine are like two faces of the same coin. While swimming through the ocean of Physiology we discover many natal systems. Physiology forms the ground on which the study of Medicine works like our laptop. Forming substratum in the arch of medical and surgical knowledge, Physiology is gaining vanity. The relevance of Physiological ideas is just like the cherry on the cake. This review is a general topic of interest and discusses the history of Physiology and the importance of Physiology beyond academics in the epoch of translational research.</p> Aparna A Mulgund , Nagaraja Puranik Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Current Research in Physiology and Pharmacology Sun, 05 Jul 2020 00:00:00 -0400